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Reliability test


Reliability test

Reliability Test Background Introduction
Tests to measure, verify or improve product reliability are called reliability tests, which are an important part of product reliability work.

Generally, the purpose of reliability testing of products is as follows:
(1) Make the product reach the predetermined reliability index in the development stage. In order to make the product reach the predetermined reliability index, it is necessary to conduct a reliability test on the sample during the development stage, so as to find out the problems existing in the product in terms of raw materials, structure, process, environmental adaptability, etc., and improve it. After repeated tests With improvement, the reliability indicators of the product can be continuously improved to meet the predetermined requirements.
(2) Carry out reliability appraisal during product development and finalization. When a new product is developed and finalized, an identification test should be carried out according to the product standard (or product technical conditions), so as to comprehensively assess whether the product reaches the specified reliability index.
(3) Control the quality of products in the production process. In order to produce products stably, it is sometimes necessary to carry out reliability tests for each product according to the items specified in the product technical conditions. In addition, reliability sampling tests need to be carried out batch by batch or according to a certain period of time. Through the reliability test of the product, the stability of the product quality can be known. If the product quality declines due to poor raw material quality or out-of-control process, it can be reflected in the product reliability test, so that corrective measures can be taken in time to restore the product quality to normal.
(4) Screening of products to improve the reliability level of the whole batch of products. Reasonable screening can eliminate early failure products caused by various reasons (such as defective raw materials, improper process measures, negligence of operators, failure of production equipment and lax quality inspection, etc.), thereby improving the reliability of the whole batch of products. Level.
(5) Study the failure mechanism of the product. Through the reliability test of the product (including simulation test and field use test), the failure mode and failure law of the product under different environments and different stress conditions can be understood. Through the analysis of the failed product, the internal cause of product failure (ie failure mechanism) and the weak link of the product can be found out, so that corresponding measures can be taken to improve the reliability level of the product.

Climate and environmental testing:

Test items


Ability range

low temperature test

GB/T 2423.1-2008; IEC 60068-2-1: 2007

EN 60068-2-1: 2007


High temperature test

GB/T 2423.2-2008; IEC 60068-2-2: 2007

EN 60068-2-2: 2007


Constant Damp Heat Test

GB/T 2423.3-2016IEC 60068-2-78: 2012

EN 60068-2-78: 2013

temperature range-40~150

Humidity range20%RH~98%RH1m×1m×1m

Alternating Damp Heat Test

GB/T 2423.4-2008IEC 60068-2-30: 2005

EN 60068-2-30: 2005

GB/T 2423.34-2012IEC 60068-2-38: 2009

EN 60068-2-38: 2009

temperature range-40~150℃;Humidity range20%RH~98%RH1m×1m×1m

Salt spray test

GB/T 2423.17-2008IEC 60068-2-11:1981

EN 60068-2-11:1999

Equipment capacity90L

IP rating (waterproof and dustproof test)

GB/T 4208-2017

IEC 60529-1989+Amd 1-1999+Amd 2-2013+Cor 2-


Mechanical inspection:

Test items


Ability range

Vibration test

GB/T 2423.10-2008IEC 60068-2-6: 2007

EN 60068-2-6: 2008GB/T 2423.56-2006

IEC 60068-2-64: 2008;EN 60068-2-64: 2008

maximum thrust3kNmaximum acceleration1000m/s2

Frequency Range5Hz~2000Hz;maximum displacement:25mm

table top load120kg

Mechanical Shock Test

GB/T 2423.5-1995IEC 60068-2-27: 2008

EN 60068-2-27: 2009

Half-sine wave; shock acceleration range150~15000m/s2

pulse duration0.5~18mstable top load5kg

Work surface size: 200×200mm

drop test

GB/T 2423.8-1995IEC 60068-2-31: 2008

EN 60068-2-31: 2008

drop height30~150cmtable top load70kg

IK test (protection level of enclosure against external mechanical impact)

GB/T 20138-2006IEC 62262: 2002

EN 62262: 2002

impact energy5J10J20J

Combustion detection:

Test items


Glow Wire Test

GB/T 5169.10-2006GB/T 5169.11-2006GB/T 5169.12-2013GB/T 5169.13-2006

IEC 60695-2-10:2013IEC 60695-2-11:2014

IEC 60695-2-12:2010+A1: 2014IEC 60695-2-13:2010+A1: 2014

EN 60695-2-10:2013EN 60695-2-11:2014

EN 60695-2-12:2010+A1: 2014EN 60695-2-13:2010+A1: 2013

Needle flame test

GB/T 5169.5-2008; GB/T 5169.16-2008; GB/T 5169.17-2008

IEC 60695-11-5:2016; IEC 60695-11-10: 2013; IEC 60695-11-20: 2015

EN 60695-11-5: 2017; EN 60695-11-10:2013; EN 60695-11-20:2015

Tracking test

GB/T 4207-2012IEC 60112:2003+A1: 2009EN 60112:2003+A1: 2009

Horizontal combustion test

UL94; GB/T 2408-2008

vertical burning test

UL94; GB/T 2408-2008

Other tests:

Test items


Pressure test

GB/T 1408.1-2016; ASTM D149-2009(2013); IEC 61180-1-2010; GB/T 17627.1-1998

Roller drop test

GB/T 2423.8-1995; IEC 60068-2-32-2007

Wire bend test

IEC 60335-1-2010/Amd 2-2016/Cor 1-2016; GB/T 2099.1-2008

Ball pressure test

GB/T 5169.21-2006IEC 60695-10-2: 2014EN 60695-10-2:2014

temperature rise test

Enterprise standards

Chemical resistance test

Enterprise standards

Plug test

Enterprise standards

IT products and peripherals: mobile phones, tablet computers, walkie-talkies, mice, keyboards, speakers, etc.;
Wearable electronic products: headset/Bluetooth headset, smart watch/band, VR glasses, etc.;
Car electronic products: car navigation, driving recorder, car camera, T-box, dashboard, car charger, car display, car lights, window control system, central control, etc.;
Electronic components: resistors, inductors, capacitors, PCB, etc.;
Household electronic products: cameras, TV sets, lamps, power adapters, etc.;
Non-charged products: mobile phone sets/bags, packing boxes, wiring harnesses, connectors, hardware products, etc.;
Other products: plastics, rubber, leather, textiles, tapes, automotive interior and exterior trim, etc.