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Food contact material testing

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Food contact material testing

Definition of food contact materials and articles:
 
Food contact materials and products are mainly for finished products. Under normal conditions of use, various materials and products that have been or are expected to come into contact with food or food additives, or whose components may be transferred to food, include food production, processing, packaging, transportation. , packaging materials, containers, tools and equipment used for food during storage, sale and use, and inks, adhesives, lubricants, etc. that may directly or indirectly contact food. Detergents, sanitizers and public water distribution facilities are not included.
 
By country
 
· China
 
· United States (USA)
 
· Germany
 
· France
 
· European Union (EU)
 
. Italy
 
 
EU
 
The current EU regulation on food contact materials is a Regulation (EC) No. 1935/2004 (Regulation NO. 1935/2004/EC) on food contact materials passed by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on November 13, 2004. of The European Parliament And Of The Council Of 27 October 2004), this regulation not only replaces the previously implemented Directives 80/590/EEC and 89/109/EEC, but also inherits and develops the previous regulations in content. It is the latest EU basic framework regulation on food contact materials and articles, which strictly limits the total amount of migrating substances in food contact materials. Up to now, the EU has accumulated more than 30 directives or regulations involving food contact materials and articles. The main detection items include the overall migration in different food simulants, and the specific migration of a specific substance in different food simulants: such as formaldehyde, primary aromatic amines, heavy metal elements, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed in the table below:

serial number

Material name

standard requirement

1

Plastic

2011/10/EU&(EU) No 321/2011&(EU)No 1282/2011

2

Ceramic/Enamel/Glass

84/500/EEC&2005/31/EC

3

Silica gel

AP2004-5

4

organic coating

AP2004-1

5

rubber

AP2004-4

6

aluminum

EN 601&EN 602

7

Aluminum alloy

EN 601&EN 602

8

Metals and alloys in contact with food

EDQM Technical Guide Resolution CM/Res(2013)9

 

French DGCCRF
 
French DGCCRF is the English abbreviation of French food-grade safety regulations. Such products sold to France, in addition to complying with EU Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 regulations, must also comply with local French regulations, including French DGCCRF 2004-64 and French Décret no 92-631. French regulations not only have special requirements for plastic and rubber products that come into contact with food, but also have special classifications and requirements for metal products, such as cookware with organic coatings, in addition to the coating surface that needs to be tested, there are also corresponding metal substrates. requirements. Its test items include: comprehensive migration in different food simulants, specific migration of a specific substance in different food simulants, transferable or volatile organic compounds, peroxide value, and test of leaching out heavy metals, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed in the table below:

serial number

Material name

standard requirement

1

Various plastics

DGCCRF 2004-64

2

Rubber

DGCCRF 2004-64

3

Silica gel

DGCCRF 2004-64

4

Ceramic, glass, crystal

DGCCRF 2004-64

5

enamel, enamel

DGCCRF 2004-64

6

pure stainless steel

DGCCRF 2004-64

7

Uncoated steel (black steel sheet) (for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

8

Metallized steel (tin plate) (for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

9

Organic coated steel (for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

10

Steel (not for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

11

Metallized steel and stainless steel (not for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

12

Organically coated steel and stainless steel (not for packaging)

DGCCRF 2004-64

13

Coated aluminium and aluminium alloys

DGCCRF 2004-64

14

Uncoated aluminium and aluminium alloys

DGCCRF 2004-64

15

pure cast iron

DGCCRF 2004-64

16

Coated cast iron

DGCCRF 2004-64

17

cast iron with organic coating

DGCCRF 2004-64

18

Tin and Tin Alloys

DGCCRF 2004-64

19

Zinc

DGCCRF 2004-64

20

White-plated metals and alloys

DGCCRF 2004-64

 

German LFGB
 
In September 2005, the new German Food and Dietary Goods Act LFGB replaced the Food and Supplies LMBG. It is also known as the "Food, Tobacco Products, Cosmetics and Other Supplies Management Law". It is the most important basic legal document in German food hygiene management, and is the guideline and core of other special food hygiene laws and regulations. In general, the test items of Articles 30 and 31 of LFGB German "Food and Commodity Law" include: sensory evaluation of odor and taste transfer, overall migration in different food simulants, certain Specific migration of specific substances, testing of composition and leaching of heavy metals, testing of transferable or volatile organic compounds, and testing of chemically hazardous substances according to the German Chemicals Act, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed in the table below:

 

serial number

Material name

standard requirement

1

Molded product/complete machine

LFGB 30&31

2

polyethylene PE

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation III

3

 PP

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation VII

4

polycarbonate  PC

2011/10/EU&2011/321/EU

5

polystyrene PS

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation V&VI

6

Acrylonitrile polymer ABS/SAN

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation L&VI

7

Polyamide/Nylon PA

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation X

polyethylene terephthalate  PET

2011/10/EU& BfR Recommendation XVII

9

Silica gel Silicone

BfR Recommendation XV

10

Ceramic/Enamel/Glass

DIN 51032

11

All kinds of stainless steel / iron products / metal / alloy / electroplating products

LFGB 35B 80.03-1/2

13

non-stick coating

BfR Recommendation LI

14

organic coating

with reference to the EU  AP2004-1

15

rubber

BfR Recommendation XXI

 

US Food Grade Regulations:
 
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), subordinate to the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, is responsible for the administration of national drugs, food, biological products, cosmetics, veterinary drugs, medical devices, and diagnostic supplies. In the United States, the FDA controls most products that come into contact with food primarily through the Food Additive Notification Program (FAP). If a food additive or food-contacting material is specified as acceptable for use by the FAP program, the material is entered into the corresponding regulations in US FDA CFR 21 PARTS 170-189. Manufacturers should produce qualified food-contact products and materials in strict accordance with food-grade regulations. The main items tested include chloroform-soluble extracts of different simulated liquids, extracts of different simulated liquids, density, melting point, monomers of harmful chemicals, extractable heavy metals, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed in the table below:

United States (FDA)

1.Resin and polymer coatings FDA 21 CFR175.300

2. Components of paper and cardboard FDA 21 CFR176.170

3. Rigid semi-rigid acrylic and modified acrylic plastics (plexiglass) FDA 21 CFR177.1010

4. Food container lids with gaskets FDA 21 CFR177.1210

5. Copolymer of 1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene terephthalate and 1,4-cyclohexylene dimethylene isophthalate FDA 21 CFR177.1240

6. Ethylene/methyl acrylate copolymer resin FDA 21 CFR177.1340

7. EVA plastic FDA 21 CFR177.1350

8. Melamine resin FDA 21 CFR177.1460

9. Nylon resin FDA 21 CFR177.1500

10. Polypropylene, polyethylene, olefin polymers FDA 21 CFR177.1520

11perfluorocarbon resin FDA 21 CFR177.1550

12polycarbonate FDA 21 CFR177.1580

13vinyl phthalate polymer FDA 21 CFR177.1630

14polystyrene FDA 21 CFR177.1640

15Styrene block polymer FDA 21 CFR177.1810

16Urea formaldehyde resin FDA 21 CFR177.1900

17Phenolic Resin FDA 21 CFR177.2410

18Cross-linked polyester resin FDA 21 CFR177.2420

19Polyethersulfone resin FDA 21 CFR177.2440

20polyoxymethylene copolymer FDA 21 CFR177.2470

21Polyoxymethylene homopolymer FDA 21 CFR177.2480

22rubber FDA 21 CFR177.2600

23. ABS Copolymer FDA 21 CFR 181.32

24wooden product FDA 21 CFR178.3800

25Ceramic, glass, enamel cutlery FDA CPG 545.400 & CPG 545.450

26Stainless Steel Products GRAS

27Copper products or copper-plated metal products or metal products FDA CPG 545.500

28Butylene terephthalate  FDA 21 CFR177.1660

29vinyl chloride polymer  FDA 21 CFR177.1975

30Poly(aryl ether ketone) resin FDA 21 CFR177.2415

31Polysulfone resin  FDA 21 CFR177.1655

32.Styrene-methyl methacrylate copolymer  FDA 21 CFR177.1830

33.polyphenylene sulfide resin   FDA 21 CFR177.2490

 

US FDA
 
US Food Grade Regulations: US Food GradeU.S. FDA CFR 21 Part 175-189 & FDA CPG 7117.05, 06, 07
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), subordinate to the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, is responsible for the administration of national drugs, food, biological products, cosmetics, veterinary drugs, medical devices, and diagnostic supplies. In the United States, the FDA controls most products that come into contact with food primarily through the Food Additive Notification Program (FAP). If a food additive or food-contacting material is specified as acceptable for use by the FAP program, the material is entered into the corresponding regulations in US FDA CFR 21 PARTS 170-189. Manufacturers should produce qualified food-contact products and materials in strict accordance with food-grade regulations. The main items tested include chloroform-soluble extracts of different simulated liquids, extracts of different simulated liquids, density, melting point, monomers of harmful chemicals, extractable heavy metals, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed in the table below:

serial number

Material name

Regulatory standards

1

Resin and Polymer Coatings

US FDA 21 CFR 175.300

2

paper and cardboard

US FDA 21 CFR 176.170

3

Gaskets and gaskets for food containers

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1210

4

Acrylic and Modified Acrylic Plastics/Acrylic (PMMA)

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1010

5

Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer(EVA)

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1350

6

Melamine-formaldehyde resin/melamine/melamine/imitation porcelain(MF/Melamine)

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1460

7

Nylon resin PA

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1500

8

Mono/Homopolypropylene homo-PP

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1520

9

Copolymerized polypropylene Co-PP

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1520

10

polyethylene PE

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1520

11

polycarbonate PC

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1580

12

polyethylene terephthalate PET

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1630

13

Polysulfone resin PSF

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1655

14

Urea formaldehyde resin UF

US FDA 21 CFR 177.1900

15

 polyester resin Polyester

US FDA 21 CFR 177.2420

16

polyvinylidene fluoride PVDF

US FDA 21 CFR 177.2510

17

Rubber/Silicone Rubber/TPA/TPEE/TPR (Not suitable for pacifiers

US FDA 21 CFR 177.2600

18

silver plated metal

CPG 7117 05

19

Stainless steel 2,3,4 series  (201,301,304,430)

CMA/GRAS

20

wood

US FDA 21 CFR 178.3800

21

ceramic, glass, enamel

CPG 7117 06&07

22

other metals

US FDA 21 CFR 175.300&CPG 7117 05

 

China Food Safety Law
 
my country's current laws and regulations related to food contact materials are the "Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China" officially promulgated and implemented in 2009. my country has promulgated and implemented more than 30 related hygiene standards and method standards for food contact materials and products. Covering plastics, food-grade coatings, metal products, ceramics, enamels, glass, paper and other material products. The main testing items include evaporation residues in different food simulants, consumption of potassium permanganate, heavy metals (calculated as lead), decolorization tests, dissolution tests of heavy metals, residual amounts of toxic and harmful monomers, microbial testing, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed. See the table below:

Chinese GB

1. GB 4806.2-2015  National food safety standards

2. GB 4806.3-2016 National Food Safety Standard Enamel Products

3. GB 4806.4-2016 National Food Safety Standard Ceramic Products

4. GB 4806.5-2016 National Standard for Food Safety Glass Products

5. GB 4806.6-2016 National Food Safety Standard - Plastic Resins for Food Contact

6. GB 4806.7-2016 National Food Safety Standard - Plastic Materials and Products for Food Contact

7. GB 4806.8-2016 National Food Safety Standard-Food Contact Paper and Cardboard Materials and Products

8. GB 4806.9-2016 National Food Safety Standard - Metal Materials and Products for Food Contact

9. GB 4806.10-2016 National Food Safety Standard - Coatings and Coatings for Food Contact

10. GB 4806.11-2016 National Food Safety Standard - Rubber Materials and Products for Food Contact

11. GB 9685-2016 National Food Safety Standard Standard for the Use of Additives for Food Contact Materials and Products

12. GB 9683 -1988 Hygienic standard for composite food packaging bags

13. GB 14934-2016 National food safety standards Disinfection of table (drinking) utensils

14. GB/T 19790.1.2-2005 Disposable Chopsticks Part 1.2: Wooden Chopsticks 

15. SN/T 2595-2010 Inspection procedures for food contact materials - cork, wood and bamboo products

16. GB 14934-2016 National food safety standards Disinfection of table (drinking) utensils

 

China Food Safety Law
 
my country's current laws and regulations related to food contact materials are the "Food Safety Law of the People's Republic of China" officially promulgated and implemented in 2009. my country has promulgated and implemented more than 30 related hygiene standards and method standards for food contact materials and products. Covering plastics, food-grade coatings, metal products, ceramics, enamels, glass, paper and other material products. The main testing items include evaporation residues in different food simulants, consumption of potassium permanganate, heavy metals (calculated as lead), decolorization tests, dissolution tests of heavy metals, residual amounts of toxic and harmful monomers, microbial testing, etc. The regulatory requirements are detailed. See the table below:

serial number

Material name

standard requirement

1

(Silicon) rubber products (except pacifiers)

GB 4806.1-1994

2

(silicon) rubber nipple

GB 4806.2-1994

3

Polyethylene molded products PE

GB 9687-1988

4

polyethylene resin particles PE

GB 9691-1988

5

Polypropylene molded products PP

GB 9688-1988

6

Polypropylene resin particles PP

GB 9693-1988

7

Polystyrene molded products PS

GB 9689-1988

8

Polycarbonate Molded Products PC

GB 14942-1994

9

Polyethylene terephthalate molded products PET

GB 13113-1991

10

Polyamide/Nylon Molded Products PA

GB 16332-1996

11

Melamine-formaldehyde resin/melamine/melamine/imitation porcelain  MF/Melamine

GB 9690-2009

12

Stainless steel S/S

GB 9684-2011

13

Aluminium Aluminium cutlery container

GB 11333-1989

14

Epoxy phenolic coating (inner wall coating of beverage cans/milk powder cans, etc.)

GB 4805-1994

15

PTFE coating (non-stick pan interior coating, etc.)

GB 11678-1989

16

enamel

GB 4804-1984

17

ceramics Ceramic

GB 12651-2003

18

Packaging glass (non-heat resistant)

GB 19778- 2005

19

paper products Paper

GB 11680-1989